Brooke Army Medical Center Interview With Andrew Morgan

Brooke Army Medical Center Interview With Andrew Morgan


>>>THIS IS HOUSTON ARE YOU READY FOR THE EVENT.>>HOUSTON THIS IS STATION, I AM READY.>>BROOK ARMY MEDICAL CENTER THIS IS MISSION CONTROL. PLEASE CALL STATION FOR A VOICE CHECK.>>STATION, THIS IS BROOK ARMY MEDICAL CENTER, HOW DO YOU HEAR ME?>>BROOK ARMY MEDICAL CENTER. WELCOME ABOARD THE SPACE STATION. I HAVE YOU LOUD AND CLEAR. [ CHEERING AND APPLAUSE ] .>>AWESOME.>>WELCOME, CORONAL MORGAN, THANK YOU FOR TAKING YOUR TIME TO SPEAK TO THE BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL CENTER. YOU HAVE A PACTED AUDITORIUM. CORONAL MORGAN, WE TURN IT OVER TO YOU.>>THANK YOU SO MUCH. IT’S AN HONOR TO HAVE BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL CENTER THE STANDARD OF BURN CARE ABOARD THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. CONSIDER MYSELF A SOLDIER, PHYSICIAN, AND ASTRONAUT. I LEARNED TO MELT THOSE FIRST TWO SOLDIER AND PHYSICIAN AT FORT SAM HOUSTON. I’M DID SON OF AN DENTAL OFFICER. I BECAME FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA BACK IN THE 1980s. IN MY OWN CAREER AS A MEDICAL CORP. OFFICER MY MEDICAL EDUCATION HAS TAKEN ME MULTIPLE TIMES. OF COURSES AS A STAFF PHYSICIAN WHEN I WAS SELECTED AS AN OLESTRA NAUGHT I DECIDED TO HANG MY HAT AND CRED DEN CALLS. IT’S AN HONOR TO SHARE THIS EXPERIENCE WITH YOU ALL.>>CORONAL MORGAN, THIS IS CORONAL MIKE. [ APPLAUSE ] [LAUGHTER]>>THAT’S GREAT. THANK YOU FOR THAT. BEFORE WE START ASKING THE FIRST QUESTION, OH, LOOK AT THIS.>>FIRE A WAY WITH THE QUESTIONS. [LAUGHTER]>>ROGER THAT. WE WANTED TO GIVE A SHOUT OUT TO YOUR WIFE STACY WATCHING FROM HOUSTON TODAY.>>ABSOLUTELY, SHE KEEPS TABS ON ME AND I’M SURE SHE WILL GIVE ME FEEDBACK AFTER THIS.>>THAT’S GREAT. THE FIRST QUESTION WILL COME FROM SPECIALIST EZRA MAIZE.>>GOOD MORNING, HOW DID YOU MILITARY RETRAINING GET YOU READY FOR TIME IN SPACE. GO ARMY BEAT NAVY. [LAUGHTER]>>INDEED, IT’S BEAT NAVY SEASON. YOU KNOW, I’M 100% PRODUCT OF A MILITARY EDUCATION FROM MY UNDER GRADUATE TO MEDICAL SCHOOL TO RESIDENCY TRAINING. THAT WAS THE DECISION I MADE FIRST. I FIRST MADE THE DECISION TO BUM A SOLDIER AND THEN A PHYSICIAN. I MADE THE DECISIONS IN THOSE ORDERS FOR A REASON. THAT’S WHAT I WANTED TO DO. I WANTED TO SEVER MY COUNTRY. I WANTED TO SEVER AS A SOLDIER. EVERYTHING I BROUGHT WAS A RESULT OF THAT EXPERIENCE.>>HI, I’M BEN SHARP. I’M 15 YEARS OLD. HOW OFTEN DO YOU SEE THE SUNRISE AND SET IN A 24 HOUR PERIOD?>>I THINK THE QUESTION WAS HOW OFTEN I SEE A SUNRISE AND SUNSET. WE ARE TRAVELING AT 17,500 MILES PER HOUR AT ALTAITUDE OF 25 MILES STRAIGHT UP. WE SEE IT EVERY 90 MINUTES. IT’S A SPECTACULAR VIEW WHEN WE LOOKOUT THE WINDOW.>>GOOD MORNING, THIS IS SERGEANT WORTH. I HAVE A TWO PART QUESTION. FIRST IS HOW DO YOU STAY FIT IN SPACE? WILL YOU BE READY FOR THE SAT WHEN YOU RETURN?>>YES, THAT ATFT HAS BEEN ON MY MIND AND IT’S NO JOKE. IT WILL BE A CHALLENGE. BACK IN HOUSTON, WE HAVE A SMALL DETACHMENT OF ARMY OFFICERS THERE. THREE ARMY ASTRONAUTS AND THREE SPECIAL SPACE OPERATIONS OFFICERS. WE ARE LOOKING AT HOW WE’LL TACKLE THAT ATFT AND IT’S THE NEW CHALLENGE. I HAVE TO WORKOUT A LOT. WE WORKOUT TWO HOURS PER DAY. WE DO RESISTANCE TRAINING ON A DEVICE CALLED THE ADVANCE RESISTANCE EXERCISE DEVICE. IT USES VACUUMS TO CREATE RESISTANCE AND CARDIO EXERCISE ON A BIKE. WE USE CLIP ON PEDDLES TO CONNECT US TO THE BIKE AND A TREADMILL THAT HOLDS US WITH A HARNESS. TWO HOURS STAYING FIT IN SPACE IS CRITICAL TO OUR RETURN TO EARTH.>>MY NAME IS FIONA BELL. I’M OF YEARS OLD. WHAT DOES EARTH LOOK LIKE FROM SPACE?>>I’M AFRAID I DIDN’T HEAR THE QUESTION FULLY. WHAT DOES EARTH LOOK LIKE FROM SPACE IS WHAT I THINK I HEARD. IT’S BEAUTIFUL. I REMEMBER WHEN I FIRST SAW IT FROM THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AND SEEING HOW BELOW THE CLOUDS WERE AND THE SUN COME IN THE WINDOW. JUST LIKE IT COMES THROUGH AT HOME. IT WAS INCREDIBLE. WE HAVE MULTIPLE WINDOWS ON THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION TO LOOK AT THE EARTH. LIKE I MENTIONED DURING DAY AND NIGHT IT’S BEAUTIFUL. CITIES LIGHT UP THE GROUND NO MATTER WHERE WE ARE IT’S ABSOLUTELY INCREDIBLE.>>HI, I’M MADELINE BELL, IT’S THANKSGIVING TOMORROW WHAT ARE YOU MOST THANKFUL FOR?>>I’M MOST THANKFUL FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO SEVER MY COUNTRY THIS WAY. I MENTIONED WHEN I WAS 18 YEARS OLD I MADE THE DECISION TO BUM A SOLDIER AND I VIEW MY TIME ON THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AS A CONTINUATION OF THE SERVICE. 20 YEARS IN THE ARMY AND NOW IN NASA. I’M SEVERING NOT ONLY MY COUNTRY BUT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AS PART OF THE PROGRAM. THE GREATEST HONOR OF MY LIFE WAS SEVERING IN COMBAT SEVERING SOLDIERS, WOUNDED WARRIORS. THERE IS NOTHING NINE MONTHS IN SPACE WON’T CHANGE HOW IMPORTANT AND CRUCIAL THAT WAS AS A MILITARY OFFICER.>>>GOOD MORNING, I HAVE A TWO PART QUESTION FOR YOU. HAVE YOU NOTICED A DIFFERENCE WITH YOUR SLEEP QUALITY AND IS BEING WEIGHTLESS MORE RELAXING OR QUIET?>>YEAH, THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. IN GENERAL I’LL TELL YOU MY SLEEP PATTERN IS MUCH THE WAY IT IS ON EARTH. I GO TO BET ABOUT THE SAME TIME. WE OPERATE ON GREENWICH TIME. I GENERALLY GET SEVEN AND HALF HOURS OF SLEEP A NIGHT. WITHOUT THE EFFECTS OF GRAVITY I FIND I TOSS AND TURN LESS. I THINK IN MANY WAYS MY SLEEP IS MORE RESTFUL.>>MY NAME IS JASON. I’M 10 YEARS OLD. WHAT TYPES OF PROJECTS ARE YOU WORKING ON WHILE YOU ARE THERE AND WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE?>>WE HAVE A VARIETY OF SCIENCE PAYLOADS ONBOARD. THEY RANGE ALL DIFFERENT TYPES OF SCIENCE. PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND EARTH SCIENCE. I HAVE BEEN ABLE TO PARTICIPATE IN SEVERAL OF THOSE AND SOME OF THOSE WERE THE SUBJECT OF ONE IN PARTICULAR THAT’S CALLED FLUID SHIFTS. IT SHOWS HOW FLUID PHYSIOLOGY CHANGES IN SPACE. WE ARE FINDING SOME VERY INTERESTING THINGS. THERE WAS A RESENT RELEASE ABOUT AN ARTICLE ABOUT HOW BLOOD FLOW CHANGES IN OUR NECKS AS A RESULT OF THE FLUID SHIFT THAT WE GET WHEN WE COME INTO MICROGRAVITY. THERE IS A LOT OF UNANSWERED QUESTIONS ABOUT HOW OUR BODIES CHANGE IN SPACE.>>HELLO, I’M A MAJOR. GOING OFF OF THAT WITH CHACKS OF BLOOD FLOW AND ANY OTHER FACTORS, I WONDERED IF YOU NOTICED COGNITIVE CHANGES OR PERHAPS FUTURE RESEARCH ON COGNITION?>>YES, VERY INTERESTING AND VERY RELEVANT. WE JUST AMONGST OURSELVES SAY WHEN WE FIRST ARRIVE ON THE SPACE STATION WE SAY WE HAVE SOMETHING CALLED SPACE BRAIN. IT’S HARDER TO PROCESS THINGS. WE DON’T HAVE A GOOD REASON FOR IT. THE FLUID SHIFT COULD HAVE A RELATIONSHIP WITH THAT. THE ATMOSPHERE HAS A HIGHER CARBON DIOXIDE CONTENT. WE DON’T KNOW THE ABSENCE OF GRAVITY VECTOR. WE HAVE A NUMBER OF NEUROSCIENCE PROJECTS GOING ON AND HOW DO WE PRESERVE TIME AS A RESULT OF THE ABSENCE OF GRAVITY. MY EXPERIENCE BEEN, AFTER SIX TO EIGHT WEEKS I FELT LIKE I WAS THINKING NORMALLY. WHEN I FIRST ARRIVED THINGS WERE SLOWER AND HARDER FOR ME TO PROCESS.>>I’M FROM HOUSTON WPTV HERE. IS IT COMMON FOR PEOPLE TO GET SICK IN SPACE? ARE YOU REPAIRED FOR A MEDICAL EMERGENCY?>>YES, OF COURSE, AS A EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN THAT’S NEAR AND DEAR TO ME. WE TACKLE MEDICAL PROBLEMS WITH A THREE PRONGED ATTACK. WE MAKE SURE WE SEND VERY WELL PRESCREENED ASTRONAUTS. WE USE PREVENTATIVE MEDICINE TO REDUCE THE RISK ONCE ONBOARD. ONCE WE ARE ONBOARD SOMEONE IS DEDICATED AS THE CREW MEDICAL OFFICER. THAT’S NOT ALWAYS A PHYSICIAN. I’M A NATURAL FIT. IF THERE WASN’T A PHYSICIAN ONBOARD SOMEONE ELSE WOULD BE TRAINED. WE HAVE TELEMEDICINE OFFICERS AND WE HAVE AEDs AND BASIC INTERCEPTIONS. IN AN EXTREME SCENARIO IF WE WERE TO RUN INTO A SURGICAL EMERGENCY WE CAN RETURN THAT ASTRONAUT AND CREW TO THE GROUND. WE ALWAYS HAVE OUR VEHICLE THAT WE ARRIVED ON ATTACHED. WE COULD GET SOMEONE BACK IN A DAY IF NECESSARY.>>HI, I’LL SHELBY AND I’M 13 YEARS OLD. I’M RESEARCHING DIFFERENT VARIABLES LIKE SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND TECHNOLOGICAL. WHAT BARRIERS HAVE BEEN BROKEN ON THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION?>>THE INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP. 15 CAME TOGETHER THEY PROVIDE ASTRONAUTS. MY CREW IS INTERNATIONAL. THERE ARE THREE AMERICANS, TWO RUSSIANS AND ITALIAN ONBOARD WITH ME. I THINK WHAT WE ARE DEMONSTRATING IS NO MATTER WHAT HAPPENS ON THE GROUND WE ARE CAPABLE OF COMING TOGETHER AND SOLVING SOME REALLY COMPLICATED PROBLEMS. WE MAINTAIN THIS UP HERE WITH A CONTINUOUS HUMAN PRESENCE ONBOARD FOR 20 YEARS NOW. IT’S ONE OF THE LASTING LEGACIES OF THE PROGRAM.>>GOOD MORNING, SIR. I’M MONICA DIXON. MY QUESTION FOR YOU AS A FIRST ARMY DOCTOR IN SPACE, HOW DO YOU THINK YOUR BACKGROUND IS BENEFICIAL TO THE MISSION?>>WELL, I ALLUDED TO THE ROLE OF CREW MEDICAL OFFICER. THAT’S A SMALL PART OF MY DUTY. WE ARE ALL TRAINED THE SAME. WE ARE ALL DOING SPACEWALKS. MY MEDICAL BACKGROUND COMES INTO PLAY WHEN WE DO RESEARCH RELATED THINGS AND IF THERE IS A MEDICAL PROBLEM ONBOARD MY EXPECTESE IS HELPFUL. WHEN WE GO TO MARS AND DEEPER INTO SPACE THE CAPABILITY OF TELEMEDICINE AND EVACUATE A PATIENT WILL BE MORE AND MORE DIFFICULT. MY ROLE AS A PHYSICIAN AS PART OF THE CREW WILL BE MORE AND MORE CRITICAL. CERTAINLY, MY EXPERIENCE AS A PHYSICIAN I HAVE INFORMED THE WAY I THINK AND APPROACH PROBLEMS. ONBOARD ISS WE ARE A CREW OF DIVERSE BACKGROUNDS AND COME TOGETHER TO MAKE A CAPABLE TEAM AS A RESULT OF OUR DIVERSE BACKGROUNDS. IN MY CASE ICON TRIBUTE MY MILITARY MEDICAL BACKGROUND.>>MY NAME IS HALEY, WHEN DID YOU REALIZE YOU WANTED TO BECOME A DOCTOR AND PRACTICE MEDICINE IN THE ARMY?>>I THINK I WAS IN HIGH SCHOOL AROUND THE TIME I STARTED TO GET AN INTEREST IN MEDICINE. IT WASN’T UNTIL I WAS A CADET AT WEST POINT THAT IT WAS SOMETHING I WANTED TO PURSUE. WHILE I WAS A CADET I KNEW I WANTED TO BE A PHYSICIAN TO SOLDIERS ON THE BATTLEFIELD, OPERATIONAL AS FAR FORWARD AS I COULD GET. THAT’S WHAT I PURSUED ABDOMEN — AND THE MOST REWARDING CAREER. I CAN’T SAY MORE. I FELT LIKE I SEVERED MY COUNTRY AND VERY PROUD OF THAT. JUST, I CAN’T SAY ENOUGH ABOUT WHAT AN IMPORTANT PART OF LIFE THAT WAS. I WOULD ENCOURAGE ANYBODY TO PURSUE A CAREER IN MILITARY MEDICINE FOR SURE.>>GOOD MORNING, SERGEANT KNIGHT CHECKING IN. CAN YOU TELL US ABOUT YOUR MOST RESENT SPACEWALK AND HOW CHALLENGING IS THE MISSION?>>YES, WE ARE IN THE MIDDLE OF SPACEWALKS TO FIX A PAYLOAD. IT’S AN INSTRUMENT THAT WILL HELP US UNDERSTANDS THE ORIGINS OF UNIVERSE TO OVER SIMPLIFY IT A BIT. IT HAS A FAILING PUMP ON IT AND MY PARTNER LUCA, ITALIAN ASTRONAUT HAVE COMPLETED THE FIRST TWO OF FOUR IN THE SERIES. THE NEXT IN THE SERIES WILL BE ON MONDAY JUST A FEW DAYS FROM NOW AFTER THE THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY. ON THAT WALK WE WILL ACTUALLY INSTALL THE PUMP AND CONNECT IT TO THE PAYLOAD ITSELF. THIS IS A COMPLICATED SPACEWALK BECAUSE THE OPERATIONS WE ARE CONDUCTING WHEN WE PUT THINGS YOU SAID THE SPACE STATION WE MAKE THEM WITH THE INTENT OF SPACEWALKERS TO OPERATE IT. THEY OPERATE THE TOOLS AND INTERFACE WITH THE OBJECT ITSELF WITH GLOVES THAT ARE PRESSURIZED. NOTHING ABOUT THIS PAYLOAD WAS DESIGNED THAT WAY BECAUSE WE DIDN’T EXPECT WE WOULD HAVE TO FIX IT. IT’S MADE IT MORE COMPLICATED THEN OUR TYPICAL SPACEWALK. SO FAR THINGS HAVE BEEN VERY SUCCESSFUL AND HOPE THE REMAINING TWO WILL BE THE SAME. WE HOPE YOU WILL FOLLOW ALONG ON MONDAY.>>HI, I’M TERRY, I’M THE DEPUTY DIRECTOR. ON BEHALF OF MY TWO GRANDDAUGHTERS AUDREY 6 AND LAUREN 5. WHERE HE’LL ASK YOU A QUESTION EVERYONE WOULD LIKE TO KNOW. ARE WE ALONE IN SPACE OR IS THERE LIFE ON OTHER PLANETS? [LAUGHTER]>>IT’S A GREAT QUESTION. THE FACT IT’S UNANSWERED IS DRIVING US TO EXPLORATION. IT’S BETTER IT’S UNANSWERED SO WE CAN CONTINUE TO SEARCH FOR ANSWERS. [LAUGHTER]>>I’M MILLER. I HAVE A TWO PART QUESTION FOR YOU. HOW LARGE IS THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AND DO YOU GET TIME TO YOURSELF?>>THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION IS TWO LARGE SEGMENTS. THERE IS THE U.S. SEGMENT AND RUSSIAN SEGMENT. THEY ARE ABOUT THE VOLUME OF A FIVE BEDROOM HOUSE. IT DOESN’T SOUND LIKE A LOT OF SPACE WHEN YOU ARE INSIDE OF IT FOR NINE MONTHS WITH THE EXCEPTION OF A FEW SPACEWALKS BUT IT FEELS SPACIOUS. WE HAVE OUR OWN SPACE TO OURSELVES. IT’S ABOUT THE SIZE OF A PHONE BOOTH. IT’S NOT BIG BUT JUST ENOUGH. WE CAN SLEEP THERE AND PERSONAL ITEMS. WE EACH HAVE OUR OWN LAPTOP WHERE WE CAN E-MAIL AND SEE OUR SCHEDULE. IT’S A PLACE TO RETREAT TO. THERE IS ENOUGH SPACE AND WITH SIX OF US ONBOARD YOU CAN GO THE ENTIRE DAY AND NOT BUMP INTO EVERYBODY BECAUSE EVERYBODY HAS A JOB IN A DIFFERENT PART OF THE SPACE STATION STATION. IT FEELS SPACIOUS.>>CORONAL MORGAN, THAT’S ALL FOR THE QUESTIONS. WE ARE RIGHT ON WITH OUR TIME.>>IT’S BEEN TO SPEAK WITH YOU ALL. THE SAN ANTONIO COMMUNITY AND MILITARY COMMUNITY. BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL CENTER HAVE BEEN PART OF MY LIFE FOR DECADES AND IT’S MY HONOR TO REPRESENT YOU UP HERE AND THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR PURSUING THE OPPORTUNITIES.>>STATION THIS IS HOUSTON ACR. WE COUNT-DOWN 20 YEARS OF HUMANS LIVING AND WORKING ON THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION.>>THANK YOU TO ALL PARTICIPANTS FROM BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL. WE ARE RESUMING ALL COMMUNICATIONS.

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